S&P 500 within a whisker of 4,000 in stock rebound

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Stocks closed at the highest in a month after data showed a drop in inflation expectations and major banks rebounded from losses driven by worrisome outlooks. Treasuries fell.

Ahead of Monday’s U.S. holiday, the S&P 500 crossed its 200-day moving average and finished within a hair of 4,000. JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, Citigroup and Wells Fargo, which reported results, pushed higher. The Nasdaq 100 climbed for a sixth straight day, the longest winning run since November 2021 – the month when it hit an all-time high.

“It’s a back-and-forth market,” said David Donabedian, chief investment officer of CIBC Private Wealth U.S. “I don’t really buy the intense gloom that some people have that it’s going to get much worse, or the other extreme that we’ve already started a new bull market. I don’t think we’re there yet either.”

U.S. short-term inflation views fell in early January to the lowest in nearly two years, providing a bigger-than-expected boost to consumer sentiment. To Jeffrey Roach at LPL Financial, pricing pressures are weakening across many sectors, paving the way for the Federal Reserve to downshift its pace of hikes to 25 basis points at its next gathering.

“We shouldn’t be surprised if the Fed starts talking about pausing in the near future,” he added.

Fed Bank of Atlanta President Raphael Bostic told CBS News he’s leaning toward supporting a smaller rate hike at the next meeting following Thursday’s report showing a further slowing in prices.

Over the next few weeks, traders will get a sense on how the aggressive Fed policy to tame inflation has weighed on profit margins. JPMorgan’s boss, Jamie Dimon, said that while the economy remains strong “we still do not know the ultimate effect of the head winds coming.”

Corporate earnings have yet to fully reflect the impact of last year’s rate hikes, according to Mark Haefele at UBS Global Wealth Management. He expects fourth-quarter results to provide a “reality check,” with an earnings recession in 2023 being very likely.

To Peter Oppenheimer at Goldman Sachs, there’s an important distinction between financial markets and the economy.

“We do have a relatively positive view on economies globally: in fact, we are not looking at a recession in the U.S. this year,” he told Bloomberg Television. “Because of that strength, interest-rate risk remains higher than the market is pricing. And that’s what feeds into a more cautious view for equity markets.”

S&P 500 earnings revisions are pointing to “a hard landing” even though the market is pricing in a soft landing, Goldman Sachs strategists led by David Kostin wrote. If there is no recession, as the team expects, S&P 500 earnings per share growth will be flat this year, they said.

U.S. stocks are poised for a fresh slide before ultimately rallying in the second half of the year when economic conditions stabilize, according to Bank of America Corp. strategists led by Michael Hartnett.